Pyramids; Giza Pyramids “اهرمات الجيزه “
No way to mention Egypt name to a foreigner without bringing into his mind the picture of the pyramids of Egypt, and no way the great ancient pyramids are mentioned without remembering the great country Egypt, the Tomb of the Pyramid is one of the remaining standing ancient world wanders (Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Statue of Zeus at Olympia, Lighthouse of Alexandria, Temple of Artemis at Ephesus, Colossus of Rhodes, Mausoleum at Halicarnassus) also it is the oldest wander 2584-2561 BC, It is strongly believed that pyramid of Giza include Khufu pyramids, The Great Pyramid, called “the Horizon of Khufu,” originally stood 480 feet high on a 755-foot base. The pyramid was built using 3.2 million blocks of limestone, each weighing 2.5 tons. The pyramid was covered in Tureh limestone and capped with a gold pyramidion.
Inside the structure, the King’s Chamber was designed to ease pressure from the slanted design. A Grand Gallery extends through the edifice, and there is a Queen’s Chamber and an Ascending Gallery. A descending corridor leads to a bedrock burial chamber, which appears to have been abandoned early in the construction. An enclosure wall was also provided for the pyramid, and a mortuary temple was erected on the eastern side of the pyramid. This temple is a rectangular building with a basalt pavement and an interior courtyard. A causeway originally 2,630 feet long extended from this temple, pyramids of pharaoh Khafre (Chephren), the structure is smaller than Khufu’s, but it was erected on a rise and appears almost the same height. Khafre’s pyramid originally rose to a height of 471 feet, on a 705-foot base. There are two entrances, descending passages, an ascending corridor, and a burial chamber containing a red granite SARCOPHAGUS. One subsidiary pyramid rests beside Khafre’s monument, probably the tomb of an unidentified queen. Five boat pits were also installed on the site. Khafre’s mortuary temple was made of limestone and had a pillared hall, two chambers, and an open courtyard.
Pyramids of Menkaure, or “MENKAURÉ” (r. 2490–2472 B.C.E.). It is the smallest of the great pyramids of Giza and was unfinished when Menkauré died. This pyramid, however, was completed by Menkauré’s son and heir, SHEPSESKHAF. Originally 240 feet high, the pyramid was erected on a 357-foot base. An unusual feature of this monument is the use of reliefs depicting the palace walls of the period on interior walls. Mycerinus’s mortuary temple was made of mud bricks. The causeway that was attached to the temple was 1,995 feet in length, and another mud-brick valley temple contained
Fine triad statues. Great Giza plateau. A marvelous view for the 3 pyramids and the sphinx, a civilization that dates back to more than 4300 years ago, and still the great pyramid is considered one of the 7 wonders of the world. Giza is the second large city after Cairo, about half an hour drive from Cairo. When you visit that site you’ll enjoy an unforgettable view for an old civilization, the story lies behind these Ancient tombs are unbelievable, hope you’d be accompanied by a good guide or trusted history book. You can also pay a visit to the inside of the pyramids to see the king’s & queens burial chambers. all pyramids was built as a tomb starting early from the 3rd Dynasty reign of Djoser, Some of the early kings, most specifically Snefru, built more than one pyramid, The Great Pyramid was the tallest man-made structureSphinx, legend is another tale worth to be heard. Whilst, you are in this great area don’t forget to pay a visit to the step pyramid known as the pyramid of Sakkara, and ask your guide to show you the Hb-sed court and tell you its story. At night time pyramids sound and light show is to be held in a nice laser show. Giza pyramids still the main destination for tourists and a source of imaginative thought to the world for over three thousand years. in the world for over 3,800 years, nothing in Egypt comparing with King Khufu Pyramid, The pyramid is built of horizontal courses. The stones used at the bottom are very large, but as the pyramid rises, the stones become smaller, it was covered by casing stones that formed a smooth outer surface, It was supposed to be based on the idea that it was built by moving huge stones from a quarry and dragging and lifting them into place,
Subsidiary pyramids were placed near the Great Pyramid, one belonging to Queen HETEPHERES (1), the second to Queen MERITITES (1), and another belonging to Queen HENUTSEN.